• Robert Řehák

    Head of Czech Delegation to the IHRA

    Member country since: 2002

    Remembrance Days: 27 January (International Holocaust Remembrance Day)



    In the Czech Republic, the greater involvement in projects and discussions within the IHRA has led to a more open dialogue and increased cooperation among Czech NGOs and government authorities. The establishment of an efficient system of lifelong learning about the Holocaust for primary and secondary school teachers is another key achievement of Czech's membership in the IHRA.

  • Ellen Germain

    Head of the United States Delegation to the IHRA

    Member country since: 1998

    Remembrance Days: 27 January (International Holocaust Remembrance Day), 11 April (Yom HaShoah)



    The IHRA gives Holocaust-related institutions in the United States an unprecedented forum for dialogue with communities and experts across the country and throughout the world. From the first IHRA Holocaust educational book, published under the direction of the Swedish government in 1998, to the expertise offered today by the Working Groups, the IHRA enables organizations worldwide to develop meaningful opportunities in key areas of education, research, and memorialization in schools, universit

  • Eric Pickles

    Head of the United Kingdom Delegation to the IHRA

    Member country since: 1998

    Remembrance Days: 27 January (International Holocaust Remembrance Day)



    IHRA membership has given the United Kingdom an international forum on which to progress critical post-Holocaust issues, while NGOs and academics have continued to deliver ground-breaking Holocaust educational resources, academic research and commemorative projects to newer audiences.

  • Mô Bleeker

    Head of the Swiss Delegation to the IHRA

    Member country since: 2004

    Remembrance Days: 27 January (International Holocaust Remembrance Day)



    Switzerland has established a national IHRA advisory group since 2004, bringing together representatives from teachers’ associations, Jewish, Sinti and Roma organizations, governmental departments and academia. The underlying idea was to promote the implementation of the Stockholm Declaration and the goals of the IHRA in civil society.

  • Cecilia Ruthström-Ruin

    Head of the Swedish Delegation to the IHRA

    Member country since: 1998

    Remembrance Days: 27 January (International Holocaust Remembrance Day); 2 August (Roma Genocide Remembrance Day); 27 August (Raoul Wallenberg Day)



    In May 1998, on the eve of the new millennium, Swedish Prime Minister Göran Persson, British Prime Minister Tony Blair and the President of the United States Bill Clinton agreed to set up a Task Force to promote international cooperation on Holocaust education, remembrance and research, laying the foundation for the IHRA.

    The first Stockholm International Forum on the Holocaust took place on 26–28 January 2000. The Stockholm Declaration became the founding document of the IHRA.

  • Miguel De Lucas

    Head of the Spanish Delegation to the IHRA

    Member country since: 2008

    Remembrance Days: 27 January (International Holocaust Remembrance Day)



    Spain benefits significantly from the expert knowledge which is easily accessible via the working groups of the IHRA. The most important achievements are clearly linked to Holocaust education and remembrance. The term “Holocaust” is now included in school curricula both on national and regional levels.

  • Hana Kovacova

    Head of the Slovakian Delegation to the IHRA

    Member country since: 2005

    Remembrance Days: 27 January (International Holocaust Remembrance Day), 9 September (Memorial Day for the Victims of the Holocaust and Racial Violence)



    IHRA membership has given the Holocaust-related agenda in Slovakia an international dimension, with the truly positive impact of creating new networks and new activities such as a recent project on the genocide of the Roma (with IHRA financial support). Working within the IHRA means working with people whose expertise and experience inspire activities and initiatives at a national level.

  • Member country since: 2011

    Remembrance Days: 27 January (International Holocaust Remembrance Day), 22 April (National Holocaust, WWII Genocide and other Fascist Crimes Victims' Remembrance Day), 16 Dec (National Roma WWII Genocide Victims' Remembrance Day), 10 May (Holocaust Victims in Belgrade)



    Since joining the IHRA, the Republic of Serbia has stepped up its efforts to connect the numerous institutions related to the Holocaust in order to promote Holocaust education, remembrance and research. There is a strong intention in the Republic of Serbia to renovate the Nazi concentration camps as memorial sites on the territory of former Yugoslavia.

  • Victor Micula

    Head of the Romanian Delegation to the IHRA

    Member country since: 2004

    Remembrance Days: 27 January (International Holocaust Remembrance Day) 9 October (National Holocaust Remembrance Day)



    Several developments have taken place in Romania since joining the IHRA, including the inauguration of the ‘Romanian National Holocaust Memorial’ in 2009, the updating of primary and secondary school curricula, the publication of new academic and non-academic works on the Holocaust and the development of a national program for teachers, magistrates, police officers and public servants

  • Member country since: 1999

    Remembrance Days: 27 January (International Holocaust Remembrance Day), 19 April (Warsaw Ghetto Uprising), 2 August (Commemoration of the Roma and Sinti Genocide)



    Following the adoption of the Stockholm  Declaration, the Polish government added Holocaust education to school curricula.  Holocaust research has developed tremendously since 2000 — now all major universities offer courses in Jewish and Holocaust Studies.