• Ambassador Tone Tinnes

    Head of the Norwegian Delegation to the IHRA

    Member country since: 2003

    Remembrance Days: 27 January (International Holocaust Remembrance Day)



    Over the last decades, Norway has seen a marked reinforcement of political, social and cultural consciousness towards the Holocaust. Research and education in the field has been characterized by ongoing extension of scope and scale as well as professionalization. The International Holocaust Remembrance day is marked with an annual national event including representatives of the Jewish communities and other victim groups of Nazi persecution and representatives from the Norwegian government.

  • Ernst Steigenga

    Head of the Dutch Delegation to the IHRA

    Member country since: 1999

    Remembrance Days: 27 January (International Holocaust Remembrance Day)



    IHRA membership has, without a doubt, influenced policymaking, and remembrance of, research on and education about the Holocaust in the Netherlands. International projects and exhibitions between Dutch museums and research institutions have emerged, a virtual reality educational tool was developed and researched, and contributions were made to the redesign of the site of former German Nazi<

  • Georges Santer

    Head of Luxembourg's Delegation to the IHRA

    Member country since: 2003

    Remembrance Days: 27 January (International Holocaust Remembrance Day)



    In Luxembourg, interest in the Holocaust is growing constantly.

  • Marius Janukonis

    Head of the Lithuanian Delegation to the IHRA

    Member country since: 2002

    Remembrance Days: 27 January (International Holocaust Remembrance Day), 23 September (National Holocaust Remembrance Day)



    Lithuania has made teaching about the Holocaust obligatory in schools, and more than 130 Tolerance Education Centers have been set up in secondary schools. In addition, courses in Holocaust Studies are offered at five Lithuanian universities and 23 September is commemorated annually at the killing site at

  • Member country since: 2004

    Remembrance Days: 27 January (International Holocaust Remembrance Day), 4 July (Commemoration of Genocide against the Jews)



    IHRA membership has offered Latvia a platform for sharing best practices. Examples of completed projects include Holocaust education seminars for opinion-makers in Latvia, which were organized by the museum ‘Jews in Latvia’ with the support of the IHRA. Another unique project developed by the Centre of Judaism at the University of Latvia is the ‘Names and Destinies’ project.

  • Yossi Gevir and Ruth Dar-Cohen

    Co-Heads of the Israeli Delegation to the IHRA

    Member country since: 1998

    Remembrance Days: 27 January (International Holocaust Remembrance Day), 11 April (Yom HaShoah)



    The State of Israel remains appreciative of the distinct contribution offered by the IHRA’s very existence over the past 20 years, which has enabled meaningful, relevant and accurate Holocaust remembrance, education and research throughout the world.

  • Member country since: 2011

    Remembrance Days: 27 January (International Holocaust Remembrance Day)



    On joining the IHRA, Ireland established the ‘Standing Committee on Holocaust Education, Research and Remembrance’, which consists of governmental representatives,  the ‘Holocaust Education Trust Ireland’ (HETI), the Irish Jewish Museum, and academics.

  • Chris J. Lazaris

    IHRA Chair

    Member country since: 2005

    Remembrance Days: 27 January (International Holocaust Remembrance Day)



    Greece and Greek Israelites, in particular, were among the hardest hit by the Nazi onslaught in Europe during World War II. The Holocaust and the appalling loss of life and suffering it entailed still haunt the Greeks’ collective memory to this day; to remember what was done and so that it should never be repeated, Greece has instituted special scholastic programmes, to teach the Holocaust to the younger generations.

  • Member country since: 2010

    Remembrance Days: 27 January (International Holocaust Remembrance Day)



    In Finland, information on the Holocaust is covered by several school subjects. In 2010, the Finnish National Board of Education amended specific chapters concerning the Holocaust in the national core curriculum of history and philosophy/ethics in both primary and secondary education.

  • Member country since: 2004

    Remembrance Days: 27 January (International Holocaust Remembrance Day)



    The last decade of IHRA membership has brought about two main developments in Denmark. Firstly, civil society organizations have become increasingly involved in organizing activities related to the annual Holocaust Remembrance Day ‘Auschwitz Day’, as well as to other historical events. This increased participation signals that keeping the memory of the Holocaust alive is not only an obligation for states, but also for civil society.