Publications & Reports

Mass Murder of People with Disabilities and the Holocaust

In Germany and occupied Austria, people with disabilities were the first to fall victim to National Socialist mass murder, propagated under the euphemistic term of “euthanasia.” For racist and economic reasons they were deemed unfit to live. The means and methods used in these crimes were applied later during the Holocaust — perpetrators of these first murders became experts in the death camps of the so-called “Aktion Reinhardt.”

Over the course of the Second World War the National Socialists aimed to exterminate people with disabilities in the occupied territories of Western Europe, and also in Eastern Europe.

This publication presents the results of the latest research on these murders in the German occupied territories, as discussed at an IHRA conference held in Bern in November 2017.

This publication includes contributions on:

  1. Ideology
  2. Western Europe
  3. Eastern Europe
  4. Continuities and comparisons
  5. Education on mass murder of people with disabilities and Holocaust education
Download resource in English

Sign up to our newsletter to 

receive the latest updates